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tv   Worldfocus  WHUT  December 31, 2009 7:00pm-7:30pm EST

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tonight on "worldfocus" -- >> the taliban claims responsibility for a suicide bombing in afghanistan that killed eight cia employees. one of the agency's worst losses ever. how did the bomber get through security? a roadside bomb claims the lives of four canadian soldiers and a journalist. once again, raising questions in canada about its role in the war there. a disturbing look at how the young nigerian accused of trying to blow up a u.s. jetliner, changed from a life of privilege to a commitment to jihad. new year's celebrations, we welcome in 2010 and say good-bye to 2009. a year you could say was hard to bear.
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from the different perspectives of reporters and analysts from around the globe, this is "worldfocus." major support has been provided by rosalind p. walter and the erson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters -- good evening, i'm martin savidge, thank you for joining us. it was an attack so damaging that one former intelligence official described it as the cia's pearl harbor. we're talking about the suicide bombing yesterday that killed eight americans, some of them cia employees. today a spokesman for the taliban claimed responsibility for the attack.
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saying a bomber entered the base last night and blew himself up. it was the worst loss for the cia since the war there began more than eight years ago. yesterday's attack took place at a remote outpost known as chapman in the province of khost, along the border with pakistan. this evening the associated press is reporting that the suicide bomber was invited on to the base by americans. according to a former senior intelligence official, the man was being courted as an informants and it was the first time he had been brought inside the camp. he was reportedly not searched. much of the cia's efforts in that region including drone attacks had been focused on the border between afghanistan and pakistan. as militants are believed to move frequently between the two countries. for more on the cia's role in afghanistan, we're joined tonight by jeff stein, a former u.s. army intelligence officer, who is now author of the blog
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spytalk and has been o program before. welcome back. >> thanks, martin. >> what kind of activities would the cia be engaged in in the khost province? >> one is paramilitary, in which they're doing raids and reconnaissance missions. the second is pure intelligence collection, trying to penetrate the taliban and al qaeda and pakistan military units as well. to understand what's going on inside those organizations. and the third thing is spotting for predator drone strikes. >> and some of these missions it sounds like the military could have carried out. why is it the cia's bailiwick. >> the cia has been involved in every hot war since it was formed. korea and so on, it's at war, so you're in a military environment.
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you're collecting intelligence on enemy forces, and that brings in the cia. often they work hand in glove with special forces and military intelligence. >> if i were in afghanistan, would it be hard or easy to spot an american intellig in khost? >> an american intelligence officer is not likely to be wandering around in these sensitive areas. they're on the lookout for spies. most likely a cia officer is controlling a local -- an afghan or pakistani who will work for him in these areas and come back out of the region and tell them what's going on there. i controlled vietnamese, for example, who went into areas where i could not go. and they're my eyeballs there, and my ears there. they come back out and tell me what's going on. >> and i presume not only would their operations be stealthy, but their base would be
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stealthy. would it be obvious where the cia is operating out of? >> yeah, that's the thing. the locals pretty much know that that is -- they probably know that was an intelligence operation there. whether they knew it was cia, per se or military, they didn't know. likely the cia people are not dressed in standard military uniforms, usually. so an astute observer, if the taliban intelligence, for example, or al qaeda intelligence targeted that area, they heard rumors about that unit, they would send spies in to find out exactly what was going on there. they may control an interpreter being used by the cia. and would find out all about that unit and there's some suggestions right now, actually, that the attacker was aided in getting into that unit. >> we only have about 15 seconds. how big a blow is this to the cia? >> it's always a big blow when
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you lose case officers who control agents and spies. it's not so easy to gin up that operation again. however, we don't know yet exactly who was killed, whether they were ranking cia officers on the ground there. >> jeff stein, thank you very much for speaking with us. >> thank you. a sign of the brutality of the war came today. police in south central afghanistan said insurgents have beheaded six men for cooperating with government authorities. the seventh man survived the attack, the victims were said to be former taliban militantho is oppose the war. in the southern city of khandahar, canadian troops and a reporter traveling with them were killed when their armored vehicle hit a bomb. yesterday was the deadliest day for canadians since the war began. 32 canadian troops have been killed in afghanistan this year. a total of 138 have died since the beginning of the war. the journalist was michelle lang
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of the calgary herald newspaper. the rights group, reporters without borders, say today 76 journalists were killed around the world this year compared to 60 in 2008. tonight we're going to take which has gotten relativelyhe little attention in this country. canada has 2500 troops in afghanistan, mostly in the dangerous southern part of that country. the latest killings are likely to decrease the debate in canada over the commitment in afghanistan. martin himel takes a look at the canadian mission and how it's divided that country. >> reporter: pediwawa has been involved in the war. a canadian military town for over a century. once a week there is a red friday campaign. a small but warm homecoming celebration.
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another contingent is coming back to pediwawa after a six-month stint in afghanistan. master corporal jodi minich was unlucky. he stepped on a land mine in the khandahar province. >> we were infiltrating into an area, and i was fourth in line. and we went around a corner and somehow the first three guys missed the device, and i ended up stepping on a land mine that was stacked on top of a mortar round. >> when your number's up, your number's up, pretty much. >> reporter: these soldiers have come back from a tough and ongoing guerrilla war with the taliban. the mission is to keep the militants out, and allow canadian aid groups to build schools, dams and help with education. jodi wants to pass on his legacy to daughter alla. >> i want her to be a proud canadian, which she already is.
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and i want her to believe in what canada stands for and what the military stands for, and understand that serving your community and stuff like that is important. >> reporter: in towns like pediwawa, support for soldiers and their role in afghanistan is very strong. but when you get away from your major canadian cities, that's where the doubt begins. many canadians are questioning whether it's worthwhile for their soldiers to fight in afghanistan. that's because canadian casualties are mounting in afghanistan. ♪ >> reporter: a military plane brings back home the latest casualties from the war. ♪ >> reporter: an impromptu tradition is developed in toronto, as the hearses take the bodies on the highway leading up from the airport.
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people gathered to honor their war debt. despite paying their respects, most canadians seriously question the validity of the military role in afghanistan. according to a recent survey, 65% of canadians polled want their soldiers out by the end of the formal current commitment in 2011. >> we prefer to see -- >> olivia cho accuses the government of forgetting the original goal of the war, establisheby former u.s. president bush. >> where is osama bin ladin? i think mr. bush and then followed by the canadians and nato allies are in afghanistan really for revenge. it's not about finding osama bin ladin. it's not about democracy or rights of woman. >> reporter: canadian defense
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minister, peter mccabe vehemently disagrees with olivia cho. he sees jodi's sacrifice as part of the price to safeguard nadian and american defenses, especially after 9/11. >> you guys are amazing, you really are. >> reporter: mccabe believes canada is contributing economic and social development to afghanistan. development that he believes will kill the popularity of al qaeda and taliban extremism. >> it's going to take time. and things such as education, things such as building that country literally from the ground up are what will convince the people of the region that this is the path forward, and that our vested interest is only their good, their quality of life, and their ability to secure their own borders and sovereignty in the future. >> we've called upon other nato allies it to contribute what they can.
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in order for this conflict to secure the ground in afghanistan, it's going to require all countries to dig a little deeper. >> for every $10 spent right now $9 is spent on armaments, search and kill missions. $1 in development. it's time that it's completely reversed. >> reporter: for jodi, tho arguments are merely theoretical. sergeant gilmore first met jodi on the battlefield. she was the combat medic that initially saved him. months later she visited jodi back in canada. their relationship developed, they married and now have alla. >> for jodi and i, we're very connected. because we're part of that same time frame. you don't have to say too much to know that the person that's next to you understands what you've been through and what you've seen and witnessed. but unless you put your foot
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down on that ground and you've seen the landscape, and you've seen what we've been doing over there, it's hard to have an opinion. schools are going up, information's getting out, and just from a medical perspective, female rights, you know, everything's improving over there, but we're starting from scratch. it's not going to happen in short term. >> for "worldfocus," this is martin himel in pediwawa. new insights emerged today on umar farouk abdulmutallab. the nigerian man suspected in the attempted bombing of an american jetliner on christmas day. he attended a language school this summer and early fall. he attended that school once before. according to the paper he became a very different person.
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he seemed to be more of a loner, and abdulmutallab also expressed an inner competence and a certainty of purpose, according to former teachers, classmates and housemates. the 23-year-old seemed to be on a mission, spending long hours in a mosque, often missing classes and even ordering a classmate to stop smoking in fr. they also said he was courteous and didn't express radical thoughts or lash out about american policies in iraq and afghanistan. apparent contacts in yemen between abdulmutallab and a cleric who may have helped radicalize him. the cleric is associated with yemen's al qaeda branch. the journal report said part of mr. alwaki's appeal is his ability to act as a bridge between the predominantly arab leaders of al qaeda and willing potential jihadists in the west. he was in contact with an army
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psychiatrist charged in a shooting spree last month at ft. hood army base in texas. he has communicated with potential recruits through internet websites and social networng sites such as facebook. and the journal says on his own blog, mr. alwaki wrote that yemen was about to become a key player in global jihad. turning to iran, the state prosecutor warned today that opposition leaders could be put on trial if they do not denounce the anti-government protests that have gone on this week. his comments were published in the state owned iranian newspaper. more protests were reported today. opposition websites say police fired tear gas to break up two demonstrations in tehran. we have an update on five american men arrested earlier this month in pakistan. they are muslims from the washington, d.c., area. and they were captured i
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pakistan. the five will appear at an anti-terrorist court next week. officials said they were certain the men wanted to carry out attacks in pakistan. they could face life in prison. in europe there was a shooting rpage today in finland. police say a gunman dressed in black shot to death his former girlfriend and then killed four co-workers at a shopping mall. he was living in finland for several years, later took his own life. gun ownership is common in finland. there are more than a million and a half firearms in private hands. switching gears now, here's a look at how financial markets performed around the world for all of 2009.
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the end is here, the end of 2009, that is. with the new year's holiday at hand we have convened our panel for this week's roundtable discussion today. the last day of 2009. and we're going to depart from our usual practice and look at the broader issue -- america's role in the world, and the rise of the rest as fareed zakaria once put it. joining me now, garrick utley d president of the levin institute of the state university of new york anna faruha. welcome to the two of you. >> thank you. >> what do we really mean? let me start by throwing this question out. what does it mean by the rise of the rest? >> well, it means the rise of these new emerging market
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powers. china, india, russia, brazil. these countries in the next ten-years are going to overtake the g-7 by size. there's a shifting of power from west to east. >> one of the symbols of the year has been the rise of the g-20. the world used to be run economically by the g-7 or g-8, now it's the g-20. symbolism is important, that is the new world we are operating in. the united states is not in decline, it's a relative decline compared to the others. there's no longer a role. or a dominant superpower, like the u.s. has been, with no questions asked. everybody asks questions, everybody now has a place at the table, we have to get used to it. >> how can you say we're not in a state of decline? don't you think it really wasn't so much the rise of the rest, we sank so low, everybody else seems higher. >> well, i think the last decade has been tough for america. but this shift is inevitable. these countries are growing middle classes, they all want to have homes, cars, and flat
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screen televisions too. it's naterica will decline economically, but i think politically, america is still the convening power that these countries don't have. there's no beijing consensus yet that's replacing the washington consensus. >> i think we have to look at 2009, the decade, we all want this year to be over. we agree on that. although we're dealing with major trends which go over a decade or more, it was 2009 that we were able to integrate so many aspects of what is changing. the financial crisis, the bleak outlook for too many americans and people elsewhere in the world. even the year ending with terrorism. the guy with a bomb sewn into his underwear. where are we after some 30 or 40 billion dollars on homeland security. we're where we were at the beginning of the decade. it's all these things coming together. and the other integrating point is the problems the united states faces, as we're describing in the world is also
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matched by the individual families who understand the new meaning of limits? the united states is limited, and individual families are limited, whether it's on their indebtedness or future of their home and wage levels. i think many americans and the nation as a whole had been accustomed to always saying, we called the shots in the world. do we still call the shots in the world? >> i think we're calling them with a muclarger group. i think to your point about the rise in the g-20, it's just a bigger table now. we have to listen to other voices. and there's a new generation that's going to come out of this financial crisis, a generation of recession, that's going to think differently about their even personal finances, but about america's place in the world. >> you talked to young people about this, what are they saying? >> well, they're concerned. i mean, they're concerned mainly about unemployment, which i think is really looking ahead, going to be the biggest, not just in the state, but globally. this is an issue facing almost every country, including china.
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this goes to the point, things look good in these emerging markets now. but they have their own troubles brewing, 2010 could be when you start to see some of those chinks in the armor. >> china has been on a buying spree of natural resources. that seems to be a great concern to the united states, because we need natural resources as well. but we're in no position to purchase them as china is. should we be concerned about this shopping spree. >> we're all competing for natural resources, that's been an issue over the last 10 or 15 years. it will be more of an issue as we're moving forward. there's this interesting psychological point right now, we're in an age of vulnerability. i don't think it's a loss of confidence. i think americans are still basically confident about this society as a whole. we feel vulnerable on all these fronts. as long as the future is so uncertain,hether it's our own personal household issues or our nation's role in the world. you're going to have a d atmosphere. i think we have to face it, and people do understand what's happening. welcome 2010.
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>> what is our role, is it the coenient -- we bring people together, we start the dialogue, we cajole, push, encourage? >> i think that's right. i think that even though china now invests more money all around the world. this year was a turning point for that, they invested $2 trillion in 2009. america invested $1.4 trillion. that changed this year. china can't get the rest of the world to sit done at a table and talk about climate change, financial reform. america is still the only one that has the power to do that. >> i think it's a balance between power and limit of power. we're still by far the largest military power in the world. we understand at the same time the limits. look at afghanistan, is anybody really confident that the afghan military policy is going to succeed? we're the world's largest economic nation in the world. but we still have deficits of more -- a trillion dollars or more going on.
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so it's this combination of the fact that yes we are the largest kid on the block, by far. yes, we have a society which is very flexible and adaptable. we just don't quite know how we're going to see what the future's going to be. remember, 20 years ago, we thought the japan model was going to dominate the world, and we came out of it. >> what about the american ideal? has that suffered in the eyes of the world? >> i think during bush years, yes. there's been a lot of hope around the obama administration, our place in the world, clearly our place in europe, and the european sense of america has improved during his tenure. but people are looking warily. there's a lot of hoovers in the emerging market now. there's a best selling board team in around argentina that makes fun of the imf. think that's indicative of the big question marks around america's role. >> 10 years ago, 15 years ago we talked about free markets. now we're seeing various kinds of market systems or capitalism
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evolving. there's the u.s. premarket, there's the west european sort of social democracy, social market system. there's the chinese system which has a free market guided by the state, and certainly you don't have the political fedom. there's no single form or model for the future. that's going to be one of the big issues of the decade to come. >> we'rell out of time, and we're out of year. let me be the first to say happy new year to you both. >> thank you. >> thank you. finally tonight, as we say good-bye to 2009, a few images that caught our attention from around the world as we head into 2010. in a town in romania, they performed the traditional new year's dance in which they dress as bears. and according to legend,
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if a bear enters someone's house it brings health and good luck. in peru, women in lima offered people ritual cleansings to help them attain their dreams in the new year. in some parts of the world it is already 2010. this is how hong kong rang it in. [ cheers ] >> and in tokyo, as in everywhere, people spoke of their wishes. >> i would like to find a boyfriend. [ laughter ] >> i made a lot of mistakes at work this year, so i want to be more professional next year. >> in australia this is how it looked as the new year began on a pleasant summer night in sydney. ♪ >> with new year wishes in mind, we'd like to know what you think. our question tonight, what are your hopes for the world in 2010? as always, you can tell us by
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going to the how you see it section of our website and that is, of course, that is "worldfocus" for this thursday evening and for this year. i'm martin savidge in new york, as always, thank you for joining us. i'll see you back here next year. in the meantime, have a happy new year and a wonderful evening, good night. -- captions by vitac -- major support for "worldfocus" has been provided by rosalind p. walter. and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's fut.
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